In 504 Plan, ADHD, Executive Functioning Disorder, Executive Functioning Skills, Focus Challenges, organization, study skills, Teens, time management, Tutoring

J2: Executive Function and Focus Skills

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“Children aren’t born with Executive Functioning Skills.” –Jack P. Shonkoff, M.D.

Most of us, by now, are familiar with learning challenges such as dyslexia or ADHD. But the latest and most increasingly common learning obstacle is known as Executive Functioning Disorder. Although described in various ways, The Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University says this about executive functioning skills:

Executive function and self-regulation skills depend on three types of brain function: working memory, mental flexibility, and self-control. These functions are highly interrelated, and the successful application of executive function skills requires them to operate in coordination with each other.

Each type of executive function skill draws on elements of the others.


  • Working memory governs our ability to retain and manipulate distinct pieces of information over short periods of time.
  • Mental flexibility helps us to sustain or shift attention in response to different demands or to apply different rules in different settings.
  • Self-control enables us to set priorities and resist impulsive actions or responses.


Children are born with the potential to develop Executive Functioning Skills. If children do not get what they need from their relationships with adults and the conditions in their environments their skill development can be seriously delayed or impaired.”

Just2 Tutoring Executive Functioning Skills

There is a flood of brain research and clinical study on the topic of Executive Functioning Disorder which according to Dr.Thomas E. Brown, clinical psychologist at Yale University School of Medicine, [EFD] has “been found to be the core of ADHD”. and the parallels with ADHD. While the research is fascinating, there remains a lack of practical resources for teachers, parents and students.

Just2 Tutoring assists students in slaying the dragon of distractions.

Just2 Tutoring Executive Functioning Skills

Just 2 Tutoring provides effective resources for students and families who are ready to break the patterns of disorganization, late assignments & low test scores.

J2 students demonstrate goal setting, organization & time management through the use of practical and available tools and intention. J2 students develop study schedules and study rituals which promote daily content engagement. We promote productivity, accountability and integrity through the consistent contact that scheduled sessions and check-in calls ensure. Regularly scheduled progress meeting or parent phone calls serve in keeping everyone informed to celebrate successes and identify the need for growth.

We promote the use of a simple study plan which incorporates self-assessment as a final step. J2 students are coached and assisted in their communications with their teachers and, occasionally, their parents. Parents provide encouragement and incentives as required.

The Center on the Developing Child also states, “Executive function and self-regulation skills are the mental processes that enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and juggle multiple tasks successfully. The brain needs this skill set to filter distractions, prioritize tasks, set and achieve goals, and control impulses.”

Just2 Tutoring has been serving students with executive functioning and focus challenges for nearly twenty years.

Together, we can help your child learn the skills, habits and self regulation that will lead them to further success in school.

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